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绗旇

  • 2019-11-16
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浼氬憳娉ㄥ唽

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鍏崇郴鍙樺緱澶嶆潅璧锋潵 锛 骞 鏃ョ泭涓庣粡娴庣ぞ浼氱殑鏂规柟闈㈤潰 瀵嗗垏 鐩稿叧 銆 浜 鏄 锛 绾︿袱涓 涓 绾悗 锛 浼 椤 · 鍏 鎷 鍏嬫彁 鍑 寤虹珛“绉戠爺涓鏁欏涓瀛︿範杩炵粨浣” 鐨勪富寮 锛 鏂扮殑杩炵粨 浣撳苟涓嶆槸娲牎蹇 鐩腑鐨勮繛缁 锛 鑰屾槸涓嶇鍦 鍐呮兜涓庡 寤朵笂閮借緝娲牎鍘熷垯鏈変簡鏋佸ぇ鐨勬嫇灞曚笌鎻愬崌銆 浠 鍐呮兜涓婅 锛 “绉戠爺涓庢暀瀛︾浉缁撳悎” 鐨勫師鍒欎竴鑸 寰堝皯璋堝強瀛︾敓 鐨勫弬涓 锛 “瀛 涔” 鐨勬垚鍒嗗鏄撹蹇界暐 锛 鑰 “绉戠爺涓鏁欏锝炲涔犺繛缁撲綋” 浠ョ鐮斾綔涓洪瑕 鐨 鎴 鍒 锛 鍚屾椂 鏄 纭 浜嗘暀 瀛 鍜屽 涔 涓 绉 鐮 鐩 铻 鍚 鐨勮矾 寰 銆傛暀鎺堢殑浣滅敤鍦ㄤ簬灏嗙鐮斿拰鏁欏缁撳悎璧锋潵 锛 浜庢槸 绉戠爺娲诲姩鎴愪负涓绉嶆暀瀛︽ā寮 锛 瀛︾敓鐨勪綔鐢ㄥ湪浜庢妸绉 鐮斿拰瀛︿範缁撳悎璧锋潵 锛 浜庢槸绉戠爺娲诲姩杞彉涓轰竴绉嶅涔 妯″紡銆傚洜姝 锛 “绉戠爺浣挎暀鎺堝拰瀛︾敓瀹氬悜锛 鎶婃暀瀛﹀拰瀛 涔犲悎鎷㈡潵鎴愪负淇冭繘鐭ヨ瘑鐨勪竴涓棤缂濈殑鎵胯涔嬬綉锛 閾 鎴 浜嗕竴涓揣瀵嗙殑绉戠爺锝炴暀瀛︿竴瀛 涔犺繛缁撲綋”[2 浠庡寤朵笂璁 锛 鍦ㄥ悇鍥介珮绛夋暀鑲插疄璺 涓紝 娲牎鍘 ” 銆 鍒欒秺 鏉ヨ秺 琚祴 浜堝疄 鐢 鐨勮В閲 銆傛椽 鍫¤ 涓 锛 澶у鍏 鏈 鎺 姹“ 绾瀛”涓庡煿鍏“瀹屼汉” 鐨勫弻閲嶄换鍔★紝 “绾瀛 涓嶈拷姹備换浣 鑷韩涔嬪鐨 鐩爣 锛 鍙繘琛岀函鐭ヨ瘑 銆 绾 鐞 鐨勬帰 姹”L 4 ] 锛 “ 瀹屼汉” 涔熻瑕佹眰涓鐢熷 浜庣爺绌惰繖绉 “绾瀛”鐨勮繃绋嬩腑銆傜劧鑰 锛 缁忔祹绀句細鐨勫彂灞曞甫鏉 浜 鍔冲姩鍜屾暀鑲茬殑涓撲笟鍖 锛 鍚屾椂楂樼瓑鏁欒偛寮濮嬪悜鏇村箍娉 鐨勭ぞ浼 闃跺眰寮鏀撅紝 闄や簡灏忛儴鍒嗗ぇ瀛︾户缁琛岀簿鑻辨暀 鑲插 锛 澶у鏁伴珮鏍℃寜鐓хぞ浼 鐨勯渶姹傝 缃 璋冩暣鎴栬 琛ュ厖鏁欏鍐呭 锛 鎵归噺鍖栫殑鍩瑰吇绀句細鎵闇瑕佺殑瀹炵敤浜 鎵 锛 鏁 瀛 鍐呭琚 澶 涓烘墿灞 銆 涓庢鍚屾椂 锛 绉戠爺鐨勭被鍨嬫垨鑰呰鏄 鐩殑鎰堝姞鍊 鍚 浜庡鏍峰寲 銆 宸ヤ笟鐨勮繀閫熷彂灞曚娇寰楃鐮旈鍏堜笌缁忔祹棰 鍩熷拰杩芥眰鍒╂鼎鑱旂郴璧锋潵 锛 浠讳綍涓椤圭爺绌舵垚鏋滃嚑涔庡湪 鍏堕潰涓栦笉涔呭氨鑳借璧嬩簣搴旂敤浠峰煎拰鍟嗕笟浠峰 锛 绉戠爺 鎰堝姞鎵╂暎鍒板ぇ瀛︾殑鐤嗗煙浠ュ 锛 鎴愪负“ 姘戠敤鏀垮簻鏈烘瀯 銆 鍐涗簨鍗曚綅鍜岄潪鐩堝埄閮 闂ㄤ互鍙婂伐涓 鐨勪竴椤瑰叡 鍚岀殑娲 鍔” [2 j( 鍖 锛 澶 瀛 鐨勭 鐮 鑱 鑳 鏇翠晶 閲 浜 瑙 鍐 绀 浼 瀹 璺 涓瓨鍦ㄧ殑闂鑰屼笉鏄函瀛︽湳鐨勭爺绌躲“绉戠爺涓鏁 瀛︿竴瀛︿範杩炵粨浣” 涓殑绉戠爺绫诲瀷鍥犺 鏃ョ泭澶氭牱鍖 锛 浠 鏈 鍒 鐨“ 鍙 鐜” 鎵 灞 鍒“ 缁煎悎 ”銆 “ 搴 鐢” 绛 澶 绉 绫 鍨 銆 鍊煎緱娉ㄦ剰鐨勬槸锛 鍏嬫媺鍏嬬壒鍒“绉戠爺锝炴暀瀛︿竴 瀛︿範杩炵粨浣” 鐨勯傜敤鑼冨洿鍋氫簡鐣屽畾 锛 浣滀负涓绉“瓒婃潵 瓒婅姳閽” 鐨勫叧绯 锛 杩炵粨浣撶殑搴旂敤“浠庢暣涓郴缁熸敹缂╁埌 浣庝竴绾 鐨勯儴 闂紝 浠庡垎鏁e埌涓涓幇浠i珮绛夋暀鑲茬郴缁熺殑 鎵 鏈 闄㈡牎 闆 涓埌 涓涓 鎴 涓や釜 澶у 閮 闂ㄢ嫰 鈰 浠庢墍 鏈 瀛︾敓鎾 鍥炲埌鏈夐檺鐨勫緢楂樺眰娆″鐢熶腑鐨勯骞诧紝 浠庡湪鎵 鏈夊浣嶅眰娆′娇鐢ㄩ泦涓埌楂樼骇瀛︿綅涓撲笟锛 閭d簺鏉板嚭鐨 鍗氬+涓撲笟鍜屽崥澹悗鑱屼綅”[2 j( 鏁欏 鍜屽涔犵殑鏁村悎瑕佷笌楂樼瓑鏁欒偛鐨勭粨鏋勭浉閫傚簲锛 涓 鍚屽眰娆 銆 涓 鍚岀被 鍨嬬殑楂樻牎搴旀牴鎹 鑷韩 鐨勯渶瑕 鍜屾潯 浠 锛 杩芥眰涓嶅悓绋嬪害銆 涓嶅悓褰㈠紡鐨勮繛缁撲綋銆 鍥 銆 銆 鎺 绌 鐨勫満鎵 銆 鐨 鐮旂┒鐗 鑹 銆 鎺㈢┒鐨勫満鎵 銆 鏄集椤 · 鍏嬫媺鍏嬩富缂栫殑銆 鐮旂┒鐢 鏁欒偛 鐨勭 瀛︾爺 绌跺熀 纭 銆 涓 涔︾殑缁 绡 銆 鍏ㄤ功鍒 涓 缂 銆 绗 缂 浜旂珷 锛 鍏 鎷 鍏 鏁欐巿 浠 鍘 鍙 鐨勭淮 搴 鍑哄彂 锛 渚 娆″ 寰枫 鑻 銆 娉 銆 缇 銆 鏃ヤ簲 鍥界鐮斿拰鐮旂┒鐢熸暀鑲 鐨勭粍缁囩壒 鐐硅繘 琛 浜嗛 褰诲垎 鏋 锛 骞 鎻 鍑轰簲 绉嶇被 鍨 澶 瀛 鐨勬瀯 鎯 锛 鍗冲痉 鍥 鐨“鐮 绌 鎵 鍨 澶у ” 銆 鑻 鍥 鐨“瀛 闄㈠瀷 澶 瀛 ”銆 娉曞浗鐨“鐮旂┒闄㈠瀷澶у” 銆 缇 鍥界殑“鐮旂┒鐢熼櫌鍨嬪ぇ瀛” 鍜 鏃ユ湰鐨“搴旂敤鍨嬪ぇ瀛” 銆傚湪绗簩缂栦腑锛 鍏嬫媺鍏嬫暀鎺 浠庡垎鍖栫殑鍔涢噺鍜屾暣鍚堢殑鏉′欢涓ゆ柟闈汉鎵 锛 闆嗕腑鐮旂┒ 绉戠爺涓鏁欏锝炲涔犺繛缁撲綋 锛 鎻愬嚭澶у浠嶇劧鏄帰绌剁殑 鍦烘墍 锛 绉戠爺鍜屾暀瀛﹀叿鏈夊疄璐ㄤ笂鐨勫吋瀹规 銆傚叏涔﹀煎緱 绉扮寤哄揩涓夋妧宸 鈥旈椤- 涔嬪 鐢氬 锛 鍦 姝ょ暐 闄堜竴 浜 銆 ∞ 銆 涔熷氨鏄锛 绉戠爺涓 涓涓1 O9涓 鐓ょ偔楂樼瓑鏁欒偛 绗 29鍗 棣栧厛锛 瑙嗛噹寮闃 锛 鍒涜棰囧銆 鍏嬫媺鍏嬭繍鐢ㄦ瘮杈冪爺 绌剁殑鏂规硶瀵逛簲鍥界鐮斿拰鐮旂┒鐢熸暀鑲茶繘琛屼簡绯荤粺 鐨 姊崇悊涓庢荤粨 锛 鎸囧嚭浜斿浗鐗规湁鐨勭爺绌剁敓鏁欒偛缁撴瀯鏄悇 鍥介珮绛夋暀 鑲茬郴缁 鍐呭鐜 鍜屽巻鍙 鐨勪骇鐗 锛 鏄 鍦 2O 涓栫邯鍚庢湡鍚勫浗鏀垮簻鏀寔绉戠爺鍜岄珮绛夋暀鑲茬殑杩囩▼ 涓 褰㈡垚鐨勩 鍚屾椂鍏嬫媺鍏嬩篃鎻愬嚭骞惰璇佷簡鍦ㄥぇ瀛﹀缓绔嬬 鐮斾竴鏁欏涓瀛︿範杩炵粨浣撶殑涓诲紶 锛 瀵规椽鍫″師鍒欏湪褰撲粖 鐭ヨ瘑缁忔祹鍜岄珮绛夋暀鑲插ぇ浼楀寲鐨勬柊褰㈠娍涓嬭繘琛屾繁灞 娆 鐨勯噴 涔 銆 鍏舵锛 鑰冭绮剧‘ 锛 绔嬭鍏厑銆 鍏嬫媺鍏嬪湪涔︿腑杩愮敤 澶ч噺鏁版嵁鍙婅〃鏍兼敮鎾戝叾璁虹偣锛 鍦ㄦ彁鍑虹鐮斾竴鏁欏涓 瀛︿範杩炵粨浣撶殑涓诲紶鏃 锛 鏇存槸璇︾粏璁鸿堪浜嗗垎鍖栬繛缁撲綋 鐨勫姏閲忓拰鏁村悎杩炵粨浣撶殑鏉′欢锛 鑰屽悗鎵嶅緱鍑“鐜颁唬澶 瀛︿粛鐒舵槸鎺㈢┒鐨勫満鎵 锛 绉戠爺鍜屾暀瀛﹀叿鏈夊疄璐ㄤ笂鐨勫吋 瀹规”鐨勮鐐 锛 涓嶅彲璋撲笉涓ヨ皑 銆 鏈鍚 锛 姒傚康鏂伴 锛 璇█鐢熷姩 銆 鍏嬫媺鍏嬩互绉戠爺涓鏁 瀛︿竴瀛︿範杩炵粨浣撶殑姒傚康鎬荤粨涓夎呬箣闂寸殑鍏崇郴锛 瑷绠 鎰忚祬 锛 鎰忚暣娣遍暱 锛 鍚屾椂灏 鍒嗗寲杩炵粨浣撶殑鍔涢噺姒傛嫭涓 “绉戠爺婕傜Щ”鍜“鏁欏婕傜Щ” 锛 褰㈣薄鐢熷姩锛 娣卞埢璐村垏銆 浣嗘槸 锛 鍏嬫媺鍏嬪苟娌℃湁灏嗙鐮斾竴鏁欏涓瀛︿範杩炵粨 浣撳湪鍚勭绫诲瀷楂樻牎涓殑瀛樺湪褰㈡併 涓夎呮暣鍚堢殑鏂瑰紡 涓庣▼搴﹀仛璇︾粏璁鸿堪 锛 涔熸病鏈夊皢绉戠爺涓鏁欏涓瀛︿範杩 缁撲綋鍦ㄥ浗闄呬氦娴佷腑鐨勭敓瀛樼┖闂村仛鐗瑰埆浜や唬 锛 鏇存病鏈 灏 涓浗銆 鍗板害绛夊彂灞曚腑鍥藉鐨勭爺绌剁敓鏁欒偛绾冲叆 姣旇緝 鑼冨洿锛 涓嶈繃 锛 鐟曚笉鎺╃憸 锛 銆 鎺㈢┒鐨勫満鎵銆 浠嶇劧鏄竴閮ㄨ 閲庡紑 闃斻 绔嬭鍏厑涓斿彲璇绘у緢寮虹殑瀛︽湳鍔涗綔锛 鍊煎緱 骞垮ぇ鐞嗚鐮旂┒鑰呭箍娉涢槄璇诲拰璁ょ湡鐮旂┒銆 鍙傝冩枃鐚 [ 1] 璐哄浗搴嗭紟 杩戜唬寰 鍥藉ぇ瀛﹁坊韬笘鐣 涓娴佸ぇ 瀛︾殑鎴愬洜[J ] 锛 娌冲寳 澶 瀛﹀鎶( 鍝插绀句細绉戝鐗) 锛 1997锛 ( 9) 锛 68— 75锛 [ 缇嶿 浼】 · 鍏嬫媺鍏嬶紟 鎺㈢┒鐨勫満鎵—— 鐜颁唬澶 瀛︾殑绉戠爺鍜岀爺 绌 E27鐢熸暀 鑲 [ M ] 锛 鐜 鎵跨华 锛 璇戯紟 鏉 宸烇細 娴 姹熸暀 鑲 鍑虹増 绀撅紝 2001锛 3锛 227锛 228 锛 229 锛 242 锛 244 锛 273 锛 275 锛 291 锛 291 锛 1 锛 222 锛 276锛 [ 3] [ 鍗楁柉 鎷夊か] 寰 鎷 楂 灏旀湵甯 · 绾充紛 鏇硷紟 涓栫晫 楂 绛夋暀 鑲 鐨勬帰 璁╗ M] 锛 鍖椾含锛氭暀鑲茬瀛 鍑虹増绀 锛 1982锛 128涓 l 32锛 闄堟椽鎹凤紟 浠涔堟槸娲牎鐨勫ぇ瀛︽濇兂? [J -I锛 涓浗澶у鏁 瀛︼紝 2003锛 [ 4] ( 6 ) ±24锛 F r om H um b old t to B ur ton C lark 锛欰 dh er e an d E x tension to the C on cept of U n iv ersity R esearch Z H U H e— lin g ( Institute of E d ucation R esearch 锛 X iamen University 锛孹 iamen 361005 锛 China) A bstra ct 锛 T he H umboldt ’ s principle of combination of research and teaching lik e the old chapte r in t he new situat ion of the k now ledge economy and the mass higher education锛巃nd B urton C lark Professor proposed and demonstrated the idea of esta blish t he union body of resea rch— teaching — learning at the univ ersity based on the com parative analy sis the st ructure of research and g raduate education— dept h of fiv e count ries of G erman 锛 E nglis h 锛孎 rench 锛孉 m erican and J apanese 锛寃 hich effectively protecting the functions position of research at t he univ ersity 锛嶣ut t he new link is not H umboldt ’s 锛宐ut no matte r 锛宐oth in content a nd ex tension of the principle has been dramatica lly changed in the ex pa nsion and upg ra dehig he r tha n H umboldt ’S principle锛 K ey words 锛 H umboldt } B urton · C lark I conce pt of university research 涓1 1O 涓 ( 璐d换缂栬緫鍛 绾)

鍏虫敞鎴戜滑

鍏虫敞寰俊鍏紬鍙

鎮ㄩ夋嫨浜嗕互涓嬪唴瀹